Nigeria, with its vast potential for industrial development, stands at a crucial juncture where a reevaluation of policies can propel the nation towards economic prosperity. One area that demands careful consideration is the imposition of duties and levies on imported manufacturing inputs. As the global economy becomes increasingly interconnected, Nigeria must strategically navigate the balance between revenue generation and creating an environment conducive to industrial growth. At present, the Nigerian manufacturing sector grapples with the burden of high duties and levies on imported inputs, posing a significant challenge to the competitiveness of local industries. While it is essential for the government to generate revenue, it is equally crucial to foster an environment that encourages domestic production and innovation. Imposing heavy tariffs on essential manufacturing inputs raises production costs for local industries, making their products less competitive in both domestic and international markets. This not only hampers the growth of existing industries but also discourages potential investors from establishing manufacturing ventures in Nigeria. The result is a missed opportunity for job creation, technology transfer, and overall economic expansion. To spur industrial growth, it is imperative to review and streamline the tariff structure on manufacturing inputs. A targeted approach that identifies critical sectors and reduces duties on essential raw materials and machinery can catalyze innovation and efficiency within the manufacturing ecosystem. This approach aligns with global best practices, where countries strategically promote key industries by facilitating access to essential inputs. Furthermore, a nuanced approach to duties and levies can be instrumental in nurturing the development of value chains within the country. By reducing tariffs on inputs that are crucial for the production of finished goods, Nigeria can encourage the establishment of integrated supply chains, wherein local industries can source necessary materials domestically, thereby reducing dependency on imports. The implications of a well-thought-out policy shift extend beyond immediate economic gains. A more favorable environment for local industries stimulates research and development, driving technological advancement. This, in turn, positions Nigerian manufacturers to meet international standards and enhances the nation’s reputation as a hub for quality goods. However, it is crucial to acknowledge that any adjustment in tariff policies should be complemented by robust measures to curb abuse and ensure compliance. Striking a balance between facilitating trade and preventing illicit practices is essential to safeguard national interests while promoting economic growth. In contemplating reform of duties and levies on manufacturing inputs, the Nigerian government has an opportunity to signal its commitment to creating an environment where businesses can thrive. This requires a comprehensive and collaborative effort that involves stakeholders from the public and private sectors, academia, and civil society. The time is ripe for Nigeria to reassess its approach to duties and levies on imported manufacturing inputs. A well-calibrated policy shift can stimulate industrial growth, attract investments, and position the country as a formidable player in the global marketplace. By nurturing a business-friendly environment that prioritizes the needs of local industries, Nigeria can unlock its full economic potential and build a sustainable foundation for future prosperity.